Cultural mismatch occurs when the culture of a child’s family or home is different from the culture of your school or program. Misunderstandings or disadvantages can result when the child comes to school. An example of this is a child who grew up in a home where yelling loudly and jumping up and down is an accepted and common way to get an adult’s attention. The child may be disciplined for this type of behavior once she enters school. This can be confusing because she does not understand that at school she must sit quietly and raise her hand if she wants attention.